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Carte du Canada ou de la Nouvelle France, & les découvertes qui y ont été faites...
Chatelain's map of Canada showing the Great Lakes and Saint Laurent River.
The map extends from Baffin Bay and Greenland in the North, till Maryland in the south. From the west it is left open toward the "Nouvelle Denmark" and indigenous lands and stretches east till the Bank of Newfoundland. Very detailed, the map includes rich mentions of indigenous places with notes describing the people an example is: "Pays des Moozemlek qui ont beaucoup de politesse" (Country of the Moozemlek who have a lot of politeness), it also depicts forts, the flows of the region's rivers, and the locations of many lakes including: Lake Superior, Lake Huron, Lake Michigan, Lake Erie, Lake of Ontario, Lake of Illinois... In the top left corner, the author included an explanatory note that briefly introduces the historical context of 17th century Canada. The title is included in bold black type along the top boarder, a typical feature of Chatelain's maps.
The Historical Atlas of Chatelain
A complex and ambitious work, Henri Abraham Châtelain's Atlas Historique is one of the most complete encyclopedias of its time. Originally published in Amsterdam between 1705 and 1720 by L'Honoré and Châtelain, the Atlas Historique was corrected, enlarged and republished until 1739, date of the fourth and last edition. Designed for the general public, fascinated at the beginning of the 18th century by the newly conquered colonies, the new discoveries, the distant countries (such as the Americas, Africa, the Middle East, Mongolia, China, Japan, Indonesia...), it is illustrated with numerous maps, many of which are based on those of the French cartographer Guillaume Delisle.
Henri Abraham Chatelain (1684-1743) was a protestant pastor. He was the grandson of a rich Parisian merchant who introduced the industry of Spanish gold and silver stitching in Paris. Chatelain's family immigrated to the Netherlands in 1678. Between 1704 and 1707 he studied theology in Leiden. His studies permitted him to become the pastor of Saint-Martin Church, in London. In 1721, he was called back to serve in Holland, specifically to the Hague in 1721 and later to Amsterdam in 1728, the place of his death.
In the history of cartography, Henri is known along with his brother Zacharias Chatelain (1690-1754) for their Atlas Historique which was published between 1705 and 1739. The first edition of the atlas was published by "L’Honoré & Châtelain" Which refers to the association between Zacharias Chatelain and his brother in law François l'Honoré. The latter was a bookseller active in Amsterdam who was also known as "Francois L'Honoré et compagnie" between 1706 and 1726. Later edition of the Atlas have the imprint of "L’Honoré & Châtelain Libraires" or "Frères Châtelain Libraires". The statement of responsibility of the Atlas as it states: "par Mr. C*** ; avec des dissertations sur l'histoire de chaque état, par Mr. Gueudeville", thereby the anonymous Mr. C refers to the Chatelain brothers and the texts of the atlas are attributed to Gueudeville, Nicolas.