Folio, 8 ff. (beautiful title in an engraved frame, privilege, dedication to Charles IX, introductory poem by Ronsard, table of chapters, a f. vierge), 181 p., 1f., 59 (on 60) plates engraved by Louis Danet after Nicolaÿ's drawings, and representing the costumes of the different social classes of the Turkish and Persian East. The plate of the Armenian merchant is missing. Contemporary soft vellum, flat spine, gilded edges, slightly faded gilding, small lack of leather on an edge of the upper covers, light damp stain at the end of the volume.
Second edition (the first, rarer, bears the date 1567). The work is sought after for the plates providing details of the costumes of the main categories identifiable for a Western traveller in the great ethnic and religious variegation of the Ottoman Empire and Persia.
Nicolas de Nicolaÿ (1517-1583), geographer to King Henry II, followed in 1551 by Gabriel of Aramon, who was appointed the King's extraordinary ambassador to Suleiman the Magnificent. His main mission was to carry out topographical surveys of the Regency of Algiers and the Empire, but he took the opportunity to paint "au naturel" the men and women he met.
This copy was one of the works donated by the very powerful Camille de Neufville de Villeroy (1606-1693), Count Archbishop of Lyon from 1653 to his death, to the College of the Trinity run by the Jesuits (ex-dono label dated 1693). This great lord, with remarkable political and ecclesiastical action, was also a great collector of books and a scholar. He owned a library with more than 5,000 volumes, including many religious works, for which he had a gallery with vaults built. On his death, the collection was passed on to the Jesuit College, with which he had maintained excellent relations, without any inferiority, which still set him apart from many of his colleagues.
Les Quatre premiers livres des navigations et pérégrinations orientales, de N. de Nicolay Dauphinoys
Lyon, Guillaume Rouillé, 1568