Autograph Lettre signed to Dr Gregory Stragnell
FREUD, Sigmund

Autograph Lettre signed to Dr Gregory Stragnell

28 November 1920
Condition : B
Reference : 736

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Rare autograph letter signed "Freud" addressed to Dr Gregory Stragnell (American neuropsychiatrist 188-1963), Berggasse 19, Wien, 28 November 1920. 1 page, folio. In German, headed with his name and address.

Freud thanks his correspondent for a request for an article which he is unfortunately unable to supply as he is excessively busy with his work. He also explains that all his articles are henceforth entrusted to the Internationale Zeitschrift für Psychoanalyse "da ich ärztlich sehr beschäftigt bin u. die bereits begonnenen Arbeiten für unsere Internat. Zeitschrift bestimmt sind".

He goes on to write that he is of course very pleased to hear that his work is widely followed in the USA, even though he has also heard that the Jungian modification, which he rejects, has many followers there: "ich... höre daß die Jung'sche Modifikation, die ich ablehne, dort viel Anhänger gefunden hat".

Dr Gregory Stragnell was also a publisher, which explains his request for an article. He was married to the daughter of the eminent neurologist Smith Ely Jelliffe.

FREUD, Sigmund

Sigmund Freud, who was born on 6 May 1856 in Freiberg (Empire of Austria) and died on 23 September 1939 in London, was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis.

A Viennese doctor, Freud met several key figures in the development of psychoanalysis, of which he was the main theorist. His friendship with Wilhelm Fliess, his collaboration with Josef Breuer, the influence of Jean-Martin Charcot and the theories on hypnosis of the Salpêtrière School led him to rethink psychological processes. His two major discoveries were infantile sexuality and the unconscious. These led him to develop a number of theories about psychic bodies, starting with the concept of the unconscious, in relation to dreams and neurosis, before proposing a therapy technique known as the psychoanalytic cure. During his trip to America in 1909, Freud set out the foundations of the psychoanalytic technique in his Five Lessons on Psychoanalysis. It was in the course of the treatment, from the Studies on Hysteria onwards, and particularly in his first analysis of the "Dora case", that Freud gradually discovered the importance of transference.

Freud brought together a generation of psychotherapists who, step by step, developed psychoanalysis, first in Austria, Switzerland and Berlin, then in Paris, London and the United States. 

Psychoanalysis established itself as a new discipline in the human sciences as early as 1920. In 1938, Freud was threatened by the Nazi regime and left Vienna for exile in London, where he died of jaw cancer in 1939.

The term "psychoanalysis" first appeared in 1896 in an article written in French and published in that language on 30 March 1896, then in German on 15 May 1896. Psychoanalysis is based on a number of hypotheses and concepts developed or taken up by Freud. "As a science, psychoanalysis is not characterised by the subject it deals with, but by the technique with which it works".

Other concepts would gradually develop and complicate psychoanalytic theory, which Freud described as a "science of the animal unconscious", and knowledge of psychological and therapeutic processes.

Although he became a leading figure in the twentieth century, Sigmund Freud faced a great deal of criticism during his lifetime.