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Pars prior [-posterior] Gymnasium Chaldaici, ex hibentis chaldaismi hagiographici Grammaticam & Lexicon [...]
In-4º (16 x 20 cm), bound in vellum with flap, spine with 4 raised bands, edges spotted in red. Raised bands worn, pages browned, wetness, foxing on title page of posterior.
1 bl.f., 6 ff.n.c., 63 pp, 1p.n.c., 4 ff.no.c., 195 pp, 5 ff.n.c., 1f.bl.
Very rare Chaldean grammar and hagiographic lexicon of Chaldeanism. The work explains the concordances of words and phrases of the fragments used by the Chaldeans of Edessa for writing the Old Testament. The author uses Aramaic characters to explain the grammar and Greek characters to refer to classical theological studies. Manuscript on the title page in Arabic and Latin: Bibliothecæ niniuénsis (Library of Nineveh).
Christoph Crinesius (1584-1629) was a German orientalist, linguist and philologist. He obtained his Master's degree in 1607 in Wittemberg where he was admitted as an assistant professor to the faculty of philosophy in 1610. In 1611, a good connoisseur of the Syrian and Chaldean language, he gave an overview of Syrian grammar, emphasizing particularly the accent in the Gymnasium Syriacium. In 1612 he translated from Syrian the New Testament published under the title Lexicon syriacum e Novo testamento et rituali Severi patriarchae quondam Alexandrini Syro collectum.
His reputation as a professor of oriental languages led him to become professor of oriental languages and theology at the new University of Altdorf on November 26, 1624. He was awarded a doctorate in theology in 1625.
In 1627, he gave the Gymnasium chaldaicum in the Chaldean language, and in 1628, in the Syrian language, Orthographia linguae Syriacae. His last work, De confusione linguarum was published in 1629, in which he tried to present the Hebrew language as the mother tongue of the Eastern and Romance languages.