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Le microscope à la portée de tout le monde, ou description, calcul & explication de la nature, de l’usage …
1 volume in-8 of xvij, (3), 356 pp., 15 folding plates (of which pl 3bis); full marbled basane, spine with false bands decorated, red morocco title page, red edges.
French first edition of Henry Baker's work published in 1743, and increased with several new observations on the polyp. The translation is due to Father Esprit Pézenas. The illustration includes 15 folding plates of microscopes (including the figure of the solar microscope), insects, fossils etc.
Exlibris on the back cover "André Gaultry", exlibris "Comte de Roussy de Sales" glued, handwritten exlibris "Kornprobst de Molsheim" on the 1st endpaper.
Henry Baker (1698-1774) was a biologist and member of the Society of Antiquaries.
Under the tutoring of bookseller, Baker developed a system for teaching people with hearing limitations. This trick brought him a good amount of income and the opportunity to meet Daniel Defoe. In 1740 Baker was elected a member of the Society of Antiquaries of London and of the Royal Society. In 1744 he received the Copley Medal for his microscopic observations of the crystallization of salt particles. He also studied several species of aquatic animals as well as fossils. He was one of the founders of the Royal Society of Arts in 1754 and became its secretary. He was a member of the Society of Antiquaries.
He published, among others, The Microscope made Easy 1743, Employment for the Microscope 1753 (he published the Microscope put within the reach of everyone, translated into French by Father Esprit Pezenas (1692-1776) in 1754) and several volumes of poetry including The Universe, a Poem intended to restrain the Pride of Man 1727. His name is also attached to the Bakerian readings of the Royal Society which he founded with a donation of £100. He died in London in 1774.