CHATELAIN, Henri-Abraham

Carte particulière du Fleuve Saint Louis dressée sur les lieux avec les noms sauvage du pais ...

Size : 45 x 55 cm
Color : Hand Colored
Condition : A+
Technique : Copper engraving
Reference : 519-27

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Important and very detailed map of Canada, the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River by Chatelain.

This map is centered on the French parts of northern American showing Canada, the Great Lakes and parts of the present day United States (Illinois, Boston, New York...). It extends from Labrador or Eskimo lands and Hudson Bay in the north till French borders of Canada till the Ouabache river (actual River Wabash in Ohio). From the west, the author depicts the course of the Mississippi River and extends east till the Bay of Saint Laurence and the Atlantic Ocean. Chatelain mentions the locations of French and English settlements and forts all over. This map is characterized by its informative marginal texts about the region's native people, fauna, wildlife, and trade. Very detailed these notes highlight the goods that the French traded with Canadians for different types of fur in return, indicating the value of each type at the time.

The Historical Atlas of Chatelain

A complex and ambitious work, Henri Abraham Châtelain's Atlas Historique is one of the most complete encyclopedias of its time. Originally published in Amsterdam between 1705 and 1720 by L'Honoré and Châtelain, the Atlas Historique was corrected, enlarged and republished until 1739, date of the fourth and last edition. Designed for the general public, fascinated at the beginning of the 18th century by the newly conquered colonies, the new discoveries, the distant countries (such as the Americas, Africa, the Middle East, Mongolia, China, Japan, Indonesia...), it is illustrated with numerous maps, many of which are based on those of the French cartographer Guillaume Delisle.

CHATELAIN, Henri-Abraham

Henri Abraham Chatelain (1684-1743) was a protestant pastor. He was the grandson of a rich Parisian merchant who introduced the industry of Spanish gold and silver stitching in Paris. Chatelain's family immigrated to the Netherlands in 1678. Between 1704 and 1707 he studied theology in Leiden. His studies permitted him to become the pastor of Saint-Martin Church, in London. In 1721, he was called back to serve in Holland, specifically to the Hague in 1721 and later to Amsterdam in 1728, the place of his death.

In the history of cartography, Henri is known along with his brother Zacharias Chatelain (1690-1754) for their Atlas Historique which was published between 1705 and 1739. The first edition of the atlas was published by "L’Honoré & Châtelain" Which refers to the association between Zacharias Chatelain and his brother in law François l'Honoré. The latter was a bookseller active in Amsterdam who was also known as "Francois L'Honoré et compagnie"  between 1706 and 1726. Later edition of the Atlas have the imprint of "L’Honoré & Châtelain Libraires" or "Frères Châtelain Libraires". The statement of responsibility of the Atlas as it states: "par Mr. C*** ; avec des dissertations sur l'histoire de chaque état, par Mr. Gueudeville", thereby the anonymous Mr. C refers to the Chatelain brothers and  the texts of the atlas are attributed to Gueudeville, Nicolas.