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Carte particulière de l'Egypte, de la Nubie et de l'Abyssinie ...
Beautiful example of Chatelain's map of Egypt, Nubia showing Arabia and parts of Africa.
This map is centered on Egypt and Nubia showing the the coasts of the Red Sea and the flow of the Nile River. It encompasses a large part of Africa showing: Barbarie lands, Nigeria, Guinea, the Kingdoms of Mujac, Gorhan, Medra, Tunis, and Tripoli... The map details the eastern Mediterranean coast, shows Cyprus, Armenia and Kurdistan, and depicts Arabian lands including the Arabian Desert, Hijaz, Mecca, Oman, Yemen... and finally the Arabian Gulf with a part of western Persia. In the top right corner, the author included an explanatory note that briefly introduces Egypt and Nubia to the reader. The title is included in bold black type along the top boarder, a typical feature of Chatelain's maps.
The Historical Atlas of Chatelain
A complex and ambitious work, Henri Abraham Châtelain's Atlas Historique is one of the most complete encyclopedias of its time. Originally published in Amsterdam between 1705 and 1720 by L'Honoré and Châtelain, the Atlas Historique was corrected, enlarged and republished until 1739, date of the fourth and last edition. Designed for the general public, fascinated at the beginning of the 18th century by the newly conquered colonies, the new discoveries, the distant countries (such as the Americas, Africa, the Middle East, Mongolia, China, Japan, Indonesia...), it is illustrated with numerous maps, many of which are based on those of the French cartographer Guillaume Delisle.
Henri Abraham Chatelain (1684-1743) was a protestant pastor. He was the grandson of a rich Parisian merchant who introduced the industry of Spanish gold and silver stitching in Paris. Chatelain's family immigrated to the Netherlands in 1678. Between 1704 and 1707 he studied theology in Leiden. His studies permitted him to become the pastor of Saint-Martin Church, in London. In 1721, he was called back to serve in Holland, specifically to the Hague in 1721 and later to Amsterdam in 1728, the place of his death.
In the history of cartography, Henri is known along with his brother Zacharias Chatelain (1690-1754) for their Atlas Historique which was published between 1705 and 1739. The first edition of the atlas was published by "L’Honoré & Châtelain" Which refers to the association between Zacharias Chatelain and his brother in law François l'Honoré. The latter was a bookseller active in Amsterdam who was also known as "Francois L'Honoré et compagnie" between 1706 and 1726. Later edition of the Atlas have the imprint of "L’Honoré & Châtelain Libraires" or "Frères Châtelain Libraires". The statement of responsibility of the Atlas as it states: "par Mr. C*** ; avec des dissertations sur l'histoire de chaque état, par Mr. Gueudeville", thereby the anonymous Mr. C refers to the Chatelain brothers and the texts of the atlas are attributed to Gueudeville, Nicolas.