Carte de l'Empire des Turcs en Asie & en Afrique, divisée dans toutes ses parties ...
Beautiful example of Chatelain's map of 18th century Turkish lands in Asia and Africa.
This map extends from Hungary north till the Arabian Gulf in the south. From the west it shows parts of Europe including France and Italy and stretches east till the west Persia and the gulf of Hormuz. It thus encompasses Northern Africa (Tripoli, Barca Dessert, Egypt and Nubia), Arabia and the coasts of the Red Sea, the Mediterranean basin showing Cyprus, Anatolia, Syria and the Holy Land, and finally today's Turkey and the Black Sea.
The map includes an inset including an explanatory note about the Turkish Empire and its processions and a table detailing the longitude and latitude of numerous cities such as Alger, Alexandria, Cartage, Cairo, Mecca ...
The Historical Atlas of Chatelain
A complex and ambitious work, Henri Abraham Châtelain's Atlas Historique is one of the most complete encyclopedias of its time. Originally published in Amsterdam between 1705 and 1720 by L'Honoré and Châtelain, the Atlas Historique was corrected, enlarged and republished until 1739, date of the fourth and last edition. Designed for the general public, fascinated at the beginning of the 18th century by the newly conquered colonies, the new discoveries, the distant countries (such as the Americas, Africa, the Middle East, Mongolia, China, Japan, Indonesia...), it is illustrated with numerous maps, many of which are based on those of the French cartographer Guillaume Delisle.
Henri Abraham Chatelain (1684-1743) was a protestant pastor. He was the grandson of a rich Parisian merchant who introduced the industry of Spanish gold and silver stitching in Paris. Chatelain's family immigrated to the Netherlands in 1678. Between 1704 and 1707 he studied theology in Leiden. His studies permitted him to become the pastor of Saint-Martin Church, in London. In 1721, he was called back to serve in Holland, specifically to the Hague in 1721 and later to Amsterdam in 1728, the place of his death.
In the history of cartography, Henri is known along with his brother Zacharias Chatelain (1690-1754) for their Atlas Historique which was published between 1705 and 1739. The first edition of the atlas was published by "L’Honoré & Châtelain" Which refers to the association between Zacharias Chatelain and his brother in law François l'Honoré. The latter was a bookseller active in Amsterdam who was also known as "Francois L'Honoré et compagnie" between 1706 and 1726. Later edition of the Atlas have the imprint of "L’Honoré & Châtelain Libraires" or "Frères Châtelain Libraires". The statement of responsibility of the Atlas as it states: "par Mr. C*** ; avec des dissertations sur l'histoire de chaque état, par Mr. Gueudeville", thereby the anonymous Mr. C refers to the Chatelain brothers and the texts of the atlas are attributed to Gueudeville, Nicolas.