Carte de l'Amérique septentrionale depuis le 28 degré de latitude jusqu'au 72
Important map of North America gathering the French discoveries made during the two years preceding its publication.
This map extends from California in the west to the "New Earth Islands" (Newfoundland and Labrador) in the east. It extends from Baffin Bay, Greenland and Iceland in the north to the Gulf of Mexico in the south. On the map, the French possessions are marked with a blue outline, the English with a yellow outline and the Spanish with a red outline. The work is decorated with an elegant title cartouche and another one for the author's remarks.
Jacques-Nicolas Bellin created this map to be published in Charlevoix's Histoire et description générale de la Nouvelle France in 1744. As a senior hydrographic engineer at the Dépôt des Cartes et Plans de la Marine, Bellin had direct access to the documents deposited at the depot by Gaultier de Varennes, Sieur de La Vérendrye after his expeditions to western Canada between 1731 and 1742. He therefore incorporated many of the discoveries of La Vérendrye's expedition into this map.
Jacques Nicolas Bellin (1703-1772) was a French cartographer, hydrographer and encyclopedist who served the Ministry of the Navy from 1721. He was then appointed engineer hydrographer in August 1741 and became a member of the Académie de Marine and the Royal Society of London. During his career he used a very particular system to build his cartography and became the most copied cartographer of the 18th century.
The fundamental principles that animated his mapping of North America were: to secure navigation on the St. Lawrence River and to claim for France the lands explored by the French in the Great Lakes region and along the Mississippi River.