BUACHE, Philippe

Carte d'une partie de l'Amérique pour la navigation des isles et du Golfe de Mexique

Size : 56 x 100 cm
Color : Original colors
Condition : Light foxing
Technique : Copper engraving
Reference : CPV-45-98

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Rare early color map of the Gulf of Mexico reduced from the 20 sheet map of Popple. In fact, Buache improved his manuscript map of this region by adapting it to the information extracted from Popple's map.

The map encompasses Florida, Texas, the Gulf Coast, Central America, the Yucatan, and the Caribbean. In this work, Buache provides a detailed representation of the Gulf of Mexico where he includes the routes taken by Spanish ships and the ocean currents in the Caribbean Sea.

As the title indicates, the map focuses on navigation, but it also contains information on the interior of South America, Central America, and parts of present-day Texas and Georgia.

BUACHE, Philippe

Philippe Buache (1700-1773) was a student of Guillaume Delisle and a renowned French geographer. After Delisle's death in 1726, he went into partnership with his widow and married his daughter in 1729. In the same year he was appointed Premier Géographe du Roi and the following year he was elected member of the Académie des Sciences. Philippe Buache forms a complete contrast with his predecessor. He was one of the main protagonists of theoretical geography and, in collaboration with Joseph Nicolas De l'Isle, produced some of the most fantastic and inaccurate maps of Western America ever printed. Nevertheless, Buache made some contribution to the progress of cartography. He was one of the pioneers of physical geography dividing both land and water into mountain ranges and basins. He was the first to suggest that America and Asia had once been joined at the Bering Strait, and one of the first to take advantage of the contour or isobath technique in his 1737 map of the English Channel. 

Tooley - The mapping of America 43; Martin & Martin, Maps of Texas, pl. 19, pp. 98-9; Schwartz/ Ehrenberg, pp. 140; Kohl,Lowery Collection, p. 230; Cumming, Southeast, no. 170