DE FER, Nicolas

L'Empire Des Turcs, En Europe, En Asie, et En Afrique

Size : 23.2 x 19.8 inches
Color : Outlines Colored at the time
Condition : A
Technique : Copper engraving
Reference : 496-19

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Rare and very detailed map of the Turkish Empire of De Fer

The map extends from the Ukraine in the north to the Gulf of Arabia in the south and from the Kingdom of Algiers in the west to the Gulf of Hormuz in the east. The detailed text on the map shows the different regions of the Turkish Empire and mentions their division into Beglerbeglics and their subdivision into sangiacats. The map, engraved by P. Starckman, is probably in a second state with De Fer, "Geographer of his Catholic Majesty" inscribed in the title.

DE FER, Nicolas

Nicolas de Fer (1646-1720), was an engraver, geographer, titled geographer of the King and active from 1687 to 1720. He began his apprenticeship at the age of 12 with an engraver. In 1687, he took over the map trade from his mother after the death of his father, Antoine de Fer, a print and map merchant who died in 1673, and executed more than 600 maps or plans: frontier maps, maps of the new conquests of Louis XIV, cities fortified by Vauban, voyages and discoveries of new territories. In his main work, the Atlas Curieuse, he published several maps of the Americas and the West Indies. At his death, his sons-in-law, Guillaume Danet and Jacques-François Besnard, also engravers, continued Nicolas de Fer's activity on their own account.