DE FER, Nicolas

Carte pour l'Intelligence des Affaires Presente des Turcs, des Tartares, des Hongrois, des Polonois, ... et des Moscovites

Size : 57,5 x 53,cm
Color : Outlines Colored at the time
Condition : A
Technique : Copper engraving
Reference : 496-21

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Rare map of Central and Eastern Europe by De Fer.

The map extends from Scandinavia in the north to Turkey in the south and from Russia in the east to Germany in the west. It is centered on the Ukraine. In 1735, Europe was emerging from the War of the Polish Succession which pitted France and Spain against Austria, Prussia and Russia. It is at this time that raids of the Crimean Tatars take place against the territories of the current Ukraine and the khan of Crimea launches an offensive in the Caucasus. In response, the Russian command made plans to take Azov and even Crimea, and the Austro-Russian-Turkish war began.

DE FER, Nicolas

Nicolas de Fer (1646-1720), was an engraver, geographer, titled geographer of the King and active from 1687 to 1720. He began his apprenticeship at the age of 12 with an engraver. In 1687, he took over the map trade from his mother after the death of his father, Antoine de Fer, a print and map merchant who died in 1673, and executed more than 600 maps or plans: frontier maps, maps of the new conquests of Louis XIV, cities fortified by Vauban, voyages and discoveries of new territories. In his main work, the Atlas Curieuse, he published several maps of the Americas and the West Indies. At his death, his sons-in-law, Guillaume Danet and Jacques-François Besnard, also engravers, continued Nicolas de Fer's activity on their own account.