DE L'ISLE, Guillaume / BUACHE, Philippe

Carte de France Dressée pour l'Usage du Roy en Avril 1721

Size :
Color : Original colors
Condition : A
Technique : Copper engraving
Reference : 339-34

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Very elegant map of France by Delisle with contours colored at the time. The map extends from the Atlantic to the Alps and from the south of England to Spain. It features an elegant title cartouche with the arms of the king of France to whom the map is dedicated. Small paper loss in the lower left corner, a small stain.

DE L'ISLE, Guillaume / BUACHE, Philippe

Guillaume Delisle (de l'Isle) (1675-1726), is one of the greatest figures of French cartography. The eldest son and pupil of the historian and geographer Claude Delisle, he entered the Academy of Sciences in 1702 to study with the astronomer Jean-Dominique Cassini. He taught geography to the young Louis XV and was the first to receive the title of Premier Géographe du Roi in 1718. Delisle is considered to be at the origin of modern cartography. One of Delisle's main contributions was to make a transition from the decorative maps of the Dutch school to a more scientific approach. He removed the ornamental elements and based his cartography on all available information. Throughout his life he constantly updated his collection of over 100 maps to reflect new discoveries. Thus, his maps give a precise overview of the state of geographic knowledge at the time. Delisle’s was the first to correct the longitudes of America, to discard the well-established fallacy of California as an island, to delineate the Mississippi Valley correctly and to introduce many new name places. 

Martin & Martin, Maps of Texas, pl. 19, pp. 98-9 ; Schwartz/ Ehrenberg, pp. 140-41, (illus.) 146; Cumming, Southeast, no. 170. ; Kohl,Lowery Collection, p. 230