LATTRÉ, Jean

Carte Des Etats-Unis De L'Amerique Suivant le Traite de Paix de 1783. Dediee et Presentee A.S. Excellence M. Benjamin Franklin …

1784
Size : 105 x 57 cm
Color : Coloris original
Condition : Très bon
Technique : Copper engraving
Reference : 034
€40,000.00

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Description

Full title: Carte Des Etats-Unis De L'Amerique Suivant le Traite de Paix de 1783. Dedicated and Presented to His Excellency Mr. Benjamin Franklin Minister Pleinipotent of the United States... Former President of Pensilvania and of the Philosophical Society of Philadelphia... 

Virtually unknown first state and color of the time of the first map of the United States published after the ratification of the Treaty of Paris. This exceedingly rare map was previously known in only one state (John Sellers and Patricia Van Ee), later than this one. Unlike the other (now second) state of the map, this map does not include the painting The Thirteen United States. In addition, Benjamin Franklin is credited here as Former President of Pensilvania when this line stated anc. Presid. de la conventió de Pensilvania in the second state.

The map covers the area east of the Mississippi River from James Bay to the Gulf of Mexico. It shows boundaries, towns, battle sites, rivers and lakes, Indian villages and tribal territories, forts, some roads, many place names, and terrain. The map includes side panels Major Military Events between the Americans and the British detailing the major events of the American Revolution from 1775 to 1781, colony by colony. It also includes a Supplement a la Floride insert that describes Florida and the surrounding islands. Ristow notes that the map "is one of the most beautifully designed and executed maps of the period and reflects the talent and skill of the artist-cartographer."

Based on John Mitchell's iconic 1755 map, which was used to negotiate the Treaty of Paris that ended the American Revolutionary War, Lattré's map was the first published after the final ratification of the treaty by France and Great Britain in February and April 1784, respectively. Wallis' map of April 1783 preceded the signing of the treaty by both nations, and Buell's map of April 1784 preceded the ratification of the treaty by Great Britain. This map is also the first French map to recognize the newly formed United States. Lattre's dedication of the map to Benjamin Franklin, who, as American ambassador to France, represented the United States in the peace negotiations, "gives the work historical significance" (Cappon, The First French Map of the United States).

LATTRÉ, Jean