1612 edition of the Civitates Orbis Terrarum.
The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, also called"Braun & Hogenberg", is the most famous of the early city atlases. The publication consisted of six parts in folio with a total of 363 beautiful engravings depicting plans and views of cities. It fulfilled a broad public demand of the time because the social, political and economic life of the time was concentrated in the cities. Moreover, the pictorial style of the plans and views appealed to the public.
The terrarium Civitates orbis was published in Cologne between 1572 and 1617 and was primarily intended for educated readers. Before the publication of the first volume, only a few maps and city views had been published, mostly in books. In these works, the text was clearly more important than the geographical representations. This urban atlas is due to the clerk Georg Braun from Cologne, who wrote the text (introductions to the six volumes and descriptions of the plates), and the engravers Frans Hogenberg and Simon Novellanus (or van den Neuvel). Many other people were involved in this enterprise, among them the Antwerp artist Joris Hoefnagel and Abraham Ortelius, who provided much of the material that was later engraved by Novellanus and Hogenberg. At least five different printers handled the work between 1572 and 1623, and editions appeared in Latin, German and French.
Georg Braun (1541-1622) was a German topographer and cartographer of the 17th century, he was also a canon and dean at the church of St. Maria ad Gradus in Cologne.
From 1572 to 1617 he dedicated himself to the edition of the Civitates orbis terrarum, which consists of 546 perspectives, bird's-eye views and maps of cities all over the world. He started this project with Frans Hogenberg as a collaborator, but he was the main editor of the work, managing everything from the acquisition of the plates to the hiring of artists to illustrate the work and writing the text.
Braun's publication helped set new standards in cartography for over 100 years.
Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590) was a Flemish and German painter, engraver and cartographer.
In 1568 he was banished from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva because he was a Protestant and had printed engravings sympathetic to the Beeldenstorm. In 1572, he published an atlas of the cities of the world, Civitates Orbis Terrarum, in collaboration with Georg Braun. He is also the author of several engravings of the Description of the princely marriage of Jülich-Kleve-Berg (Beschreibung derer Fürstlicher Güligscher ec. Hochzeit), published by Dietrich Graminaüs in 1587 in Cologne.