Atlas universel, par M. Robert Géographe Ordinaire du Roy et par M. Robert de Vaugondy son fils Géographe ord. Du Roy,
ROBERT DE VAUGONDY, Gilles & Didier

Atlas universel, par M. Robert Géographe Ordinaire du Roy et par M. Robert de Vaugondy son fils Géographe ord. Du Roy,

Paris
chez les auteurs Quay de l’Horloge du Palais et chez Boudet libraire imprimeur du Roy, rüe St Jacques
1757
Size : 53 x 37 cm
Color : Outlines Colored at the time
Condition : A
Technique : Copper engraving
Reference : 108-3
€24,000.00

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Description

Folio (53 x 37 cm). Contemporary full red morocco with coat of arms, spine with six raised bands richly decorated with gilt design and gilt title, gilt dentelle and fillets on the boards, gilt fillets on the edges, gilt coat of arms in the centre of the boards. Binding with the arms of H.S.H. Gabriel Junosza Podoski. Engraved title, [2] pp. Avertissement, 40 pp., 108 double-page maps mounted on guards (103+5), including 3 folding.

A complete copy in a beautiful red morocco binding with the arms of Gabriel Junosza Podoski, prince primate of the kingdom of Poland.

First Edition. A fine copy of the Atlas universel by the French geographers Robert de Vaugondy father and son, bringing together 108 double-page engraved maps on strong paper coloured in outline, decorated with beautiful decorative, historiated or allegorical cartouches, all maps with stencilled titles on the front and back.

The atlas is illustrated with a beautiful allegorical title and 108 double maps, the first 12 of which concern ancient geography and the next 96 (91+5) modern geography. Among the latter : a world map, 73 maps of Europe (France, England, Ireland, Denmark,Flanders, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Hungary, Poland, Spain, Portugal, Italy... ), 8 maps of Asia (Russian Empire, Turkish Empire, Persia, East Indies, China, Japan), 2 maps of Africa (including ancient and modern Egypt), and 7 maps of America (North and South America, Canada, Virginia and Maryland, West Indies, Isles of St Domingue and Martinique, English possessions).

Bound at the end of the atlas are 5 maps of the main European routes: routes of the posts of Italy - Spain, Germany - England, Scotland and Ireland - and France. Not originally planned, the author indicates that he had them engraved at the request of several people.

The maps are preceded by a historical essay in six chapters: the first chapter describes the origin and progress of geography among the ancients; the second includes an abridged history of discoveries, with the principal navigations of the ancients and moderns, the discoveries of the Spanish, Portuguese, English, French and Dutch being the subject of separate articles; the third chapter deals with the usefulness of astronomy and the principal methods employed by the ancients and moderns to determine the figure of the earth and to find longitudes; the fourth part presents the different methods employed to represent the globe or only a part of it (plane or spherical representation); the fifth chapter discusses the progress of geography in Europe, with separate articles for German, English, Dutch and Flemish, Spanish, Italian, Swedish and Russian artists and geographers, as well as for the French. Finally the sixth chapter gives an account ofthe undertaking and execution of this new atlas, with explanations of the maps and the original sources used by Robert de Vaugondy father and son.

The Robert de Vaugondy family, a famous 18th-century French cartographic family, ran a map and globe business in Paris that flourished from 1731 to 1778. Their production of maps and geographical works were entwined that the work of one is easily mistaken for the other.

Gilles Robert de Vaugondy (1688-1766) was a professor of mathematics and geographer to the King (1734). In 1731, he inherited (along with Jean Frémont), Pierre Moullart-Sanson’s stocks of maps, copperplates, globes, manuscripts, geographical papers and rolling press, which set them up in business on the ‘quay de l’Horloge du Palais’, Paris. Gilles was the father of Didier Robert de Vaugondy (1723-1786), «Geographer to the King Louis XV (1751), teacher of mathematics, royal censor and globe maker. Didier was trained by, and worked with, his father at «Quay de l’Horloge du Palais». Gilles reissued many Sanson’s worksduring the 1740s, published several historical maps, an Atlas Portatif, Universel et Militaire (1748-1749…); he worked with Didier on the different editions of the Atlas Universel (first published c.1757), the Atlas Portatif and numerous single maps. In addition to assisting his father on the above works, Didier published about 26 terrestrial and celestial globes from 1745 onwards. The business was first taken over by globemaker, Jean Baptiste Fortin, in 1778, and then by Charles François Delamarche.

Provenance :

- From the library of H.S.H. Gabriel Junosza Podoski (Podos 1719 -Marseille 1777), archbishop of Gniezno, prince primate of the kingdom of Poland and the grand duchy of Lithuania, legate of the Holy See, abbot of Tyniec and Parady (Poland), knight of the orders of the White Eagle of Poland and St. Andrew of Russia, with his coat of arms on the boards and a handwritten note from the registers of the royal abbey of St. Victor les Marseille pasted to the back cover giving information about the death of the prelate. 

- From the Silvy de Gravine library (Marseille), with an ink bookplate (19th century)on the verso of the title page.

References : Pedley, M. Bel et Utile. The work of the Robert de Vaugondy family of mapmakers (1992) ; Imago mundi 3l (1979) pp. 66-77 ; Tooley IV, p. 52

ROBERT DE VAUGONDY, Gilles & Didier

The Robert de Vaugondy family was a famous 18th century French cartographic family who ran a map and globe business in Paris from 1731 to 1778. The 500 plus maps and other geographical works of the two Vaugondys were so entwined that the work of one is easily mistaken for the other. However, Gilles generally signed his maps as 'M[onsieur] Robert' or 'Gilles Robert', while Didier used "de Vaugondy". Ref. PEDLEY, M. Bel et Utile. The work of the Robert de Vaugondy family of mapmakers (1992); Imago mundi 3l (1979) pp.66-77.

Gilles Robert de Vaugondy (1688-1766). Professor of mathematics, appointed "géographe du roi" (1734), father of Didier. In 1731, Gilles inherited (with priest J.S.Perrier who sold his share soon after, and Jean Frémont), Pierre Moullart-Sanson's stocks of maps, copperplates, globes, manuscripts, geographical papers and rolling press, which set them up in business on the 'quay de l'Horloge du Palais', Paris. Partnership between Gilles and his son Didier Robert de Vaugondy and Frémont lasted until the latter's death in 1751. Gilles reissued many Sanson works during the 1740s, the first being 13 maps of French dioceses by Sanson dated 1730 and 1731. Carte pour servir la lecture de l'histoire ancienne de M. Rollin, 1737 (his first original map, in Charles Rollin's Histoire Ancienne des Egyptiens, des Cartheginois, des Assvriens, des Babyloniens, des Mèdes, et des Perses, des Macédoniens, des Grecs, 1731-1738); he published several historical maps including Italie Antiquae, 1743; Atlas Portatif, Universel et Militaire (over 100 maps), 1748-1749, 1769 (with Laurent Durand and Pissot fils); Amérique, 1749; he worked with Didier on Atlas Universel, c.1757, c.1758, c.1768, c.1776, c.1784, c.1786, c.1788; Nouvel Atlas Portatif (52 maps), 1762, 1778, 1784, 1790-1800, 1806, 1814, 1817; and numerous single maps.

Robert de Vaugondy, Didier (1723-1786). "Géographe du roi' for Louis XV (1751), teacher of mathematics, royal censor and globe maker. Son of Gilles. Trained by, and worked with, his father at "Quay de l'Horloge du Palais". In addition to assisting his father on the above works he published about 26 terrestrial and celestial globes from 1745 onwards. The business was first taken over by globemaker, Jean Baptiste Fortin, in 1778, and then by Charles François Delamarche. Corrected and expanded N. Sanson's Tables Méthodique pour les divisions des Gaules et de la France,1741; set of terrestrial globe Bores, Paris, Durand 1745 (accompanied by his book, Abrége des Differens systèms du monde, de la sphere et des usages des globes...); author of Usage des Globes Boudet 1751. (Tooley IV, p. 52)